Malaysia would like to order two additional submarines

The Royal Malaysian Navy plans to acquire two additional submarinesin addition to the two Scorpene submarines already delivered by Naval Group. The delivery of the new submarines would be scheduled during the 14th equipment plan for the armed forces 2031-2035, and the 15th plan 2036-2040. The expansion of the submarine fleet follows the reinforcements of the various navies in the Indo-Pacific region. The Scorpene of Naval Group, operational in the Malaysian navy since 2009, is given favorites, without however that a confirmation in this direction has filtered.

The Indo-Pacific zone has become, in recent years, a powder keg in power, with navies and air forces which are constantly strengthening themselves, carried by rather flourishing economies, and driven by the extraordinary effort of China to build a naval force of world class, capable of opposing the US Navy and its allies. In fact, each navy in the region has undertaken major modernization and equipment programs:

  • Australia: 12 Shortfin Barracuda ocean-going submarines – New generation AA and ASM frigates
  • Japan: Extension of the submarine fleet to 20 units – Izumo aircraft carrier destroyer – 24 destroyers
  • India: 6 Scorpene submarines (+4?) – New STOBAR aircraft carrier – 
  • Malaysia: New Scorpene submarines – Gowind heavy corvettes
  • Vietnam: Russian submarines 683.6 Improved Kilo – Corvettes Guepard
  • South Korea: 8 AIP Son-Won-il submarines – 16 frigates – 12 destroyers 

There are now more submarines in the Indo-Pacific zone than in the Europe-Mediterranean-North Atlantic zone, which was the central point of the naval confrontation between the West and the East during the Cold War.

In fact, the US Navy now concentrates more than half of its resources in this zone, and less than 20% in the Europe and Mediterranean zone.

By studying air and land forces, we see that, here again, the center of gravity of the concentration of forces has largely shifted towards the Pacific, with more than half of the world's combat aircraft operating in this area, as well as 2/3 of armored combat vehicles.

These figures are linked to frictions between China, Pakistan and India, as well as between the two Koreas. But it is above all the growth of Chinese military force, whether maritime, air or land, associated with territorial claims that are little justified and imposed by a fait accompli, which will have led the majority of countries in this theater to have to strengthen their forces. military, more particularly their naval forces. It is also very likely that, in the short and medium term, this phenomenon will only increase.

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