The speech given this morning by French President Emmanuel Macron to the trainees of the War School was awaited by the national, but also European, Defense community. And the least we can say is that these expectations were justified. Indeed, in a speech lasting just over an hour of incredible density , the French president drew up a realistic but worrying assessment of the future of international security, in Europe as in the World, and outlined the broad outlines of the French position, whether in terms of deterrence, defense of Europe, intervention in external theaters, and France's role in international bodies.
By choosing the War School, a place where French officers, but also many foreign officers, are trained, to acquire the knowledge, know-how and interpersonal skills essential to becoming a senior officer and perhaps a general officer, President Macron made a strong reference to General de Gaulle, a reference which was not fortunate as the positions expressed echo those of the latter. Indeed, far from the paradigms applied by the president at the start of his mandate, the new strategy that he intends to apply is based above all on a rediscovered national sovereignty, capable of uniting all or part of the Europeans by example but also by concrete capacities French forces, in an effort to restore to Europe the strategic autonomy necessary to remain master of its own destiny.
The return of interstate conflicts and major threats
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