On February 21, 2022, after Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the suspension of the New Start treaty , we wrote that this decision prepared for a future rise in power of the Russian nuclear triad, the latter being today the only remaining asset in the hands of the head of the Kremlin, to justify Russia's superpower status on the international scene, while its conventional forces have been very severely reduced by a year of war in Ukraine.
We only had to wait two days after this announcement, and despite the skeptical comments of certain journalists at the time, for the Russian leader to give substance to this hypothesis . Indeed, speaking as part of the Day of Heroes Defenders of the Motherland, a traditional holiday in Russia since 1922 celebrating the military and then, over time, the police, security and firefighters , the Russian president announced the next strengthening of the Russian nuclear triad.
To achieve this, Vladimir Putin presented several future measures, such as the upcoming entry into service of new intercontinental ballistic missiles, in this case the RS-28 Sarmat, but also the construction of new nuclear ballistic missile submarines. , probably of the Borei-A class, and the strengthening of the strategic air forces, with the Tu-160M and perhaps the hypothetical arrival of the PAK-DA stealth bomber.
Finally, the development and deployment of new hypersonic missiles, whether airborne like the Kinzhal, or naval or submarine-launched , like the 3M22 Tzirkon , will be intensified. On the other hand, the president specified that the reciprocal information procedures with the West concerning vector tests will be maintained.
Remember that in 2018, the Russian military programming law GPV 2018-2027, had already recorded the transition from an initial fleet of 10 nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) to a fleet of 12 ships, i.e. as many as The United States does not plan to build new Columbia-class SSBNs.
With this announcement, the Russian president suggests that the size of the Russian strategic fleet will therefore go beyond this number, which will not fail to generate a reaction from Washington which could, due to the suspension of the treaty New Start, decide to compensate not only for the Russian fleet in the making, but also for the Chinese nuclear force in full expansion and which implements, among other things, a fleet currently strong of 6 Type 09IV SSBNs, to return to a strategic fleet between 18 and 24 buildings, as the Ohio class was initially intended to be during the Cold War.
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