Since the Arab Springs in the early 2010s, the role of the Internet, and more particularly of social networks, in society has become obvious, including for armies. Since then, both the intelligence services and the armed forces have tried to understand and control this tool, both for the purposes of anticipation and of control or even influence. Some states, such as Russia, China or Iran, have even developed services dedicated to influence missions in foreign countries through these tools, sometimes even to the point of inviting themselves into the electoral process of great democracies like the United States. Conversely, controlling access to social networks has become a critical imperative for any regime with the slightest bit of authoritarianism, in order to cut off, at the root, the phenomena of social contagion and mobilization that could threaten them. But the role and above all the potential depth of influence on social networks could soon take a decisive step forward, with the arrival of advanced conversational tools based on artificial intelligence, such as Chat GPT.
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