Since the Arab Spring in the early 2010s, the role of the internet, and more particularly social media, in society has become evident, including for armies. Since then, both the intelligence services and the armies have tried to understand and control this tool, both for the purposes of anticipation and control and even influence. Some states, such as Russia, China and Iran, have even developed services dedicated to influence missions in foreign countries through these tools, sometimes even to the point of inviting themselves into the electoral process of large democracies like the United States. Conversely, controlling access to social networks has become a critical imperative for any even slightly authoritarian regime, in order to cut off, at the root, the phenomena of social contagion and mobilization that could threaten them. But the role and especially the potential depth of influence on social networks could soon take a decisive step forward, with the arrival of advanced conversational tools based on artificial intelligence, such as Chat GPT.
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