Traditionally pacifist, Japan is one of the most restrictive countries when it comes to exports of defense equipment. Although its defense industry is efficient and produces often effective equipment, the Japanese legislative framework firmly prohibits the export of lethal military equipment, and very strictly regulates the export of others.
This posture obviously poses significant problems within the framework of the Global Combat Air Program, or GCAP , new designation of the FCAS Tempest program since Tokyo announced joining it alongside Great Britain and Italy a few months ago. .
Indeed, if London and Rome enthusiastically welcomed Japanese industry and financing to develop their future 6th generation combat aircraft, there was no question that Tokyo could oppose possible exports subsequently, particularly towards certain traditional partners of the British aeronautical industry such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Oman.
It was therefore essential for the Liberal Democratic Party of Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, and its centrist ally the Kômeitô party, to amend the current legislative framework in this area , so as to give the British and Italians the guarantees required to calmly continue development. of this program.
The least we can say is that the traditional Japanese posture in this area is dying hard. Indeed, despite the authorities' declarations on the subject, the PLD-Kômeitô commission responsible for finding an agreement on this subject, produced conclusions meeting at least the requirements of the executive.
Thus, if the Japanese parliamentarians agreed that it was not possible to prohibit the export of materials produced in cooperation, as will be the case with GCAP, they did not however give unlimited agreement in this area, requiring formal agreement from parliament to be obtained for each new offer to authorize export.
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