The Russian Navy will receive 4 new submarines in 2024, including 2 nuclear-powered.

Unlike the surface fleet, the submarine fleet of the Russian Navy remains a major adversary, including for the very powerful US Navy, which recognizes significant operational potential.

And for good reason ! Where the Russian surface fleet is struggling to modernize its units, including the most significant such as its cruisers and frigates, as well as its aircraft carrier, the submarine fleet has admitted into service no less than 13 new ships since 2020, 8 of which were nuclear powered.

For comparison, over the same period, the US Navy admitted to service only five new submarines, Virginia class SSNs, and China, between two and three nuclear-powered Type 094A, and no more Type 039B and C conventionally powered submarines.

We understand, therefore, that for Moscow, the development of the submarine fleet takes on a strategic dimension, concentrating a major part of the country's budgetary and industrial efforts in the naval field.

Obviously, the momentum is far from drying up. Indeed, on the occasion of Russian Submariners' Day, March 18, the Minister of Defense, Sergei Shoigu, confirmed that the navy will admit into service no less than 4 new submarines, including two propulsion nuclear, during the year 2024.

The Prince Pozharsk Borei-A class nuclear ballistic missile submarine

The first of these ships is the nuclear ballistic missile submarine Kniaz Pozarskiy, or Prince Pozharsk. This ship will be the fifth Borei-A class ship to join the Russian strategic ocean forces since the Kniaz Vladimir in June 2020.

Russian Navy Borei-A
The Boreï-A class SSBNs carry 16 Bulava strategic ballitic missiles, each armed with 6 to 10 MIRVs.

Evolution of the Boreï class, three ships of which joined the Russian Navy from 2012 to 2014, the Boreï-A is a 170 meter ship with a submerged tonnage of 24 tonnes. Its main mission is to transport and deploy, at the Kremlin's request, its 000 RSM-16 Bulava SLBM ballistic missiles with an estimated range of more than 56 km, each carrying 10 to 000 MIRVs armed with a nuclear charge. .

Particularly discreet, the Borei and Borei-A carry the response capacity in the Russian nuclear triad. They constitute a major advance compared to the Delta IV class SSBNs which they now replace.

As a reminder, just 20 years ago, in the early 2000s, the Russian Navy was unable to ensure the permanence of the underwater nuclear patrol. Today it keeps two to three ships on permanent patrol.

When the 12 Boreï and Boreï-A are in service, in 2031, it will be able to keep 3 to 4 ships on patrol, as many as the United States, twice as many as China, and three times more than France and Great Britain. Brittany.

The Arkhangelsk Yasen-M class nuclear missile submarine

La Iassen-M class is the tactical counterpart of the Borei-A in terms of Russian nuclear-powered submarines. With a length of 130 meters, these ships have a submerged displacement of more than 13 tonnes.

Iassen-M class
The Iassen class simultaneously replaces SSGNs and SSNs

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2 Comments

  1. Bonjour.
    I wanted to make a few corrections to your article if I may:
    On the 2nd image, that of an SSBN/SSBN Borei A, just below, you indicate that it carries 12 missiles instead of 16. That said, you indicate in the text below that this submarine does indeed carry 16 SLBM missiles.
    2nd point, you indicate, concerning the Iassen-M, that it has a diving displacement greater than 8000T. As a result, this one displaces more than 13800T when diving.
    Perhaps you have inverted with its surface displacement which is actually greater than 8000T (between 8600 and 9500T according to different sources).
    In any case, thank you for your site which I consult every day with great pleasure. This is the only site to which I have subscribed.
    For yourself

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